How do I improve my reading comprehension in English?
我怎樣提高英語閱讀能力?


獲得1.8k好評的回答@Pranit Nagare:

Reading short one page articles on the internet are not of any use for developing reading skills. As others have added already, the more you read the better you get. Don't focus on individual words but rather the pargraphs as a whole. You might not know the word's meaning but the context will help. I learnt many phrases, words etc just by the context.
在網上讀一頁的短文章對于培養閱讀能力一點用都沒有。正如別人補充的,你讀的越多,就理解得越好。不要只關注單詞,應該把握整體段落。你可能不知道某個單詞的意思,但語境有助于你理解單詞。我有很多短語和單詞就是通過語境學會的。


獲得464好評的回答@Robert Charles Lee:

Read a wide variety of styles and subject matter.
讀各種風格和題材的文章。

Variety is the spice of life, as the old saying goes. It’s also the spice of understandability. Reading different kinds of writing styles and subject matter helps to extend your ‘range’ — your knowledge and familiarity of the different ‘textures’ of operation of the English language. So read beyond your textbooks and set materials. There are no shortcuts to this.
俗話說,豐富多樣是生活的調味劑,它也是理解能力的調節劑。閱讀不同的寫作風格和題材幫你擴充知識面——知識和對英語語言各種運用方法的熟悉程度。所以不要只讀教材和固定的閱讀材料,提高閱讀能力沒有捷徑可走。


獲得643好評的回答@Kumar Rahul:

Here are my seven strategies for reading improvement.
以下是7條提高閱讀能力的技巧。

1. Read about things that interest you. If you are interested in what you are reading about, the words will come alive, and you will be motivated to understand. You will feel satisfaction in accomplishing a task that you enjoy, and which you consider meaningful.
1.讀你感興趣的東西。如果你對所讀的東西感興趣,你會覺得語言變得生動了,你會有動力去理解所讀的東西。完成一件喜歡的而且你認為有意義的事會很有成就感。

2. Read material that is at your level, or just a little difficult for you. Looking up many unknown words in a conventional dictionary is tedious, and the results of the dictionary search quickly forgotten. It is better to stay within your comfort zone and keep reading. Soon you will be able to take on more difficult content.
2.讀符合自己閱讀水平的材料,或選擇稍難的。用普通字典查很多不認識的單詞是很乏味的,查到的東西也很快就忘了。最好選擇讀著舒服的難度,并堅持閱讀,很快你就能讀更難的材料了。

3. Learn to read in depth, stay on the same subject for a while. If you are familiar with the subject you are reading about, you will understand better. If the subject matter is new to you, you should even try to read a few different books or articles about the same subject, before you move on. This way you will meet the same vocabulary and ideas often, helping you to learn. You will also be able to get deeper into the subject and your reading confidence will grow.
3.學會深入閱讀,同一個題材多讀一段時間。如果你熟悉所讀的題材就能理解得更好。如果某個題材你沒讀過,你應該在讀之前先試著讀幾本同題材的書或文章,這樣你就能經常遇見相同的詞匯和思想,有助于你學習。你也能更深入理解這個題材,同時也能增加閱讀的信心。

4. If you have trouble reading, listen first. Many great works of literature were written to be read out loud. Learn to appreciate the art of the narrator. Listen to audio books or audio files of the material that you are reading. This will help make difficult content seem more familiar. Hearing the rhythm of someone reading a text will help your own reading.
4.如果閱讀有困難,可以先聽。許多偉大的文學作品的創作都是為了被大聲讀出來,你要學會欣賞敘述的藝術。聽聽有聲讀物或閱讀材料的音頻文件會幫你熟悉較難的閱讀內容。聽聽別人讀文章的節奏對你自己的閱讀會有幫助。

5. Let your imagination get involved. Good readers get engrossed in their reading and let it trigger their imagination. Learn to enjoy your reading without asking too many questions or analyzing too much. It will just spoil the sensual enjoyment of the reading experience. You do not need to predict or analyze. Just enjoy and look forward to absorbing the information, ideas and thoughts expressed by the writer.
5.激發你的想象力。好的閱讀者會全神貫注地閱讀,并讓閱讀激發想象力。學會享受閱讀,不要問太多問題,也不要做太多分析,那樣會破壞閱讀體驗的感覺上的享受。你不需要預測,也不需要分析,只需享受并期望獲取作者傳達的信息、思路和思想。

6. Don’t worry about what you don’t understand. Most of your reading should be for pleasure. You can enjoy reading without understanding all of what you read. You may even understand some things in your own personal way.
6.不理解的地方不要擔心。你大部分閱讀應該只是為了樂趣。不理解所讀的全部內容也能讀得很享受,你甚至可以有自己的一些理解。

7. Recognize that the key is to read a lot. You may develop a system for keeping track of new words that you encounter in your reading. However, the main growth in your vocabulary and reading skill will come just from reading as much as you can. So learn to enjoy reading and read a lot. Keep reading, and you will become a better reader.
7.記住提高閱讀能力的關鍵在于多讀。你可能習慣了記錄閱讀中遇到的新單詞,然而詞匯量的擴充和閱讀能力的提升只來源于盡可能廣泛的閱讀,所以要學會享受閱讀并多讀。堅持閱讀,你就會成為更好的閱讀者。

Unfortunately not all reading is just for pleasure. When you are reading a textbook or manual, or report or other material that have to read for school or work, you may need to underline, take notes, and read some parts over again, in order to retain what you are reading. However, if you have developed the habit of reading for pleasure, you will find that the cognitive techniques you need will come naturally, and that you will understand a lot better than before.
不幸的是并非所有的閱讀都是單純為了樂趣。讀課文、指南、報告或者其他學習或工作材料時,你可能為了記住所讀材料需要劃重點、記筆記,或反復讀某些部分。然而如果你已經養成了為樂趣而閱讀的習慣,你會發現你所需要的認知技巧自然而然就形成了,你的理解能力比之前更強。

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(翻譯:菲菲)